Compare Contrast

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Strategy:         Comparison and Contrast

Time:               30-90 minutes

Intent:             Comparison means to find similarities between or among different objects, ideas, concepts, or phenomena. Contrast means to find differences between or among different objects, ideas, concepts, or phenomena.

Process:          

  • Provide students with two objects, ideas, concepts, or phenomena so they can compare how they are alike and contrast how they are different.
    • Some examples to compare contrast are wind power and solar power; low fat diet and high protein diet; students’ grade point averages and scores on the MEAP test; Honda Accord and Toyota Camry, etc.
  • In groups, have students discuss the comparisons and contrasts and write down their ideas.
  • Have each group prepare a short presentation for the class which includes the following:
    • An introduction; the comparison and contrast components; and an analysis of the similarities and differences which leads to a convincing conclusion.

Uses:

  • Comparison and contrast is a good way to help your students clarify ideas and sharpen their analytical skills.
  • By focusing students on analyzing pairs of ideas, students’ ability to remember key content is strengthened.
  • Student comprehension is improved by highlighting important details, making abstract ideas more concrete, and reducing the confusion between related concepts.

Variations:

  • Have students use the comparison and contrast activity to write an essay. Use some examples or a class discussion to take students through a process model of what to look at when they compare and contrast an issue. This activity is helpful in getting the students started on their comparison and contrast essay assignment.
  • As a homework assignment, have students compare and contrast differing ideas in the text they read using a Venn diagram.

 

Additional Information:

 Venn diagram example: http://www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/pdf/venn.pdf

 

 
 

G:ETL_TeachingStrategies_CompareContrast_4/2012

 

The Baker College System
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