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The Physical Therapist Assistant (PTA) is a technical healthcare worker who performs patient care under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist. Typical settings include hospitals, rehabilitation clinics, private practice, geriatric care facilities, sport medicine centers, school systems, and industrial sites. For information about the licensure examination see

Role of a Physical Therapist Assistant (PTA)

Physical therapist assistants (PTAs) work as part of a team to provide physical therapy services under the direction and supervision of the physical therapist. PTAs implement selected components of patient/client interventions (treatment), obtain data related to the interventions provided, and make modifications in selected interventions either to progress the patient/client as directed by the physical therapist or to ensure patient/client safety and comfort.

PTAs assist the physical therapist in the treatment of individuals of all ages, from newborns to the very oldest, who have medical problems or other health-related conditions that limit their abilities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives.

The physical therapist is responsible for the services provided by the PTA. Physical therapists (PTs) are healthcare professionals who examine each individual and develop a plan using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness- and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles.

PTAs provide care for people in a variety of settings, including hospitals, private practices, outpatient clinics, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, work settings, and nursing homes. PTAs must graduate from a CAPTE-accredited PTA program and licensure or certification is required in most states in which a PTA works.

The Physical Therapy Profession

Physical therapy is a dynamic profession with an established theoretical and scientific base and widespread clinical applications in the restoration, maintenance, and promotion of optimal physical function. For more than 750,000 people every day in the United States, physical therapists:

  • Diagnose and manage movement dysfunction and enhance physical and functional abilities.
  • Restore, maintain, and promote not only optimal physical function, but optimal wellness and fitness and optimal quality of life as it relates to movement and health assisted by PTAs when appropriate.
  • Prevent the onset, symptoms, and progression of impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities that may result from diseases, disorders, conditions, or injuries.

The terms "physical therapy" and "physiotherapy," and the terms "physical therapist" and "physiotherapist," are synonymous. The terms "physical therapist assistant" and "physical therapy aide or technician" are not synonymous. PTAs complete an intensive education culminating in an associate degree. Aides and technicians are on-the-job trained and not eligible to provide physical therapy by many payers, including Medicare.

Sources: Guide to Physical Therapist Practice, 2nd Edition (2003);
A Normative Model of Physical Therapist Assistant Education: Version 2007

Essential Functions

These technical standards reflect performance abilities and characteristics that are necessary to successfully complete the requirements of the program at Baker College. These standards are not conditions of admission to the program. Persons interested in applying for admission to the program should review this information to develop a better understanding of the physical abilities and behavioral characteristics necessary to successfully complete the program. The College complies with the requirements and spirit of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Therefore, the College will endeavor to make reasonable accommodations for participants with disabilities who are otherwise qualified.

  • Effectively communicate in English, both verbally and in writing, utilizing accurate and appropriate terminology with classmates, faculty, clients, caregivers, families, members of the healthcare team and with individuals of all ages, races, genders, socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds.
  • Access information from books, reference manuals, computers, and paper and electronic medical records to accurately perform job functions and duties.
  • Observe clients' response before, during, and after treatment in close and distant proximity to maintain client safety and assess their performance.
  • Perform or assist with and/or transfer, lift, move, position, and manipulate the client.
  • Transport heavy, wheeled equipment and clients in wheelchairs and/or stretchers.
  • Demonstrate motor skills for safe and effective client-centered intervention.
  • Provide assessment and treatment for clients with varied disabilities including clients who may be terminally ill, have transmittable diseases, psychiatric disorders, developmental disorders and other conditions.
  • Utilize technology for coursework and client-centered interventions.
  • Perform continuous physical work to fulfill clinical education course requirements.
  • Prioritize, organize, and utilize time-management skills to fulfill clinical and course requirements.
  • Demonstrate critical-thinking skills necessary for clinical decision making and problem solving.
  • Demonstrate appropriate professional and procedural judgment decisions under stressful and/or emergency conditions, emergent demands, and a distracting environment.
  • Recognize potentially hazardous materials, equipment, and situations and proceed safely in order to minimize risk of injury to patients, self, and nearby individuals by referencing, utilizing and adhering to OSHA requirements such as MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) and universal precautions.
  • Adhere to HIPAA, professional standards and code of ethics established by the American Physical Therapy Association, Baker College conduct guidelines, and clinical sites policies and procedures to fulfill requirements of rotating schedules and heavy workloads and demonstrate personal accountability for actions and decision outcomes.

Program Status: Limited Enrollment

Meet Jill Ivy Physical Therapist Assistant

"Baker made me a smarter clinician. The instructors had experience that other professors might not have from other colleges."

- Jill Ivy, Physical Therapist Assistant
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